Monday, February 19, 2024
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Updated List of Tribes, Languages and Ethnic Groups in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country with over 300 ethnic groups, each with their unique languages, cultures, and traditions. The tribes in Nigeria can be broadly categorized into three major groups based on their geographical location: the Hausa-Fulani, the Yoruba, and the Igbo. However, there are also several other tribes that are not a part of these major groups. In this article, we will list all the tribes in Nigeria and the states which they fall into.

The major ethnic groups in Nigeria

  1. Hausa-Fulani: The Hausa-Fulani tribe is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria and is predominantly found in the northern part of the country. The Hausa-Fulani people are known for their rich cultural heritage, including their traditional music, dance, and cuisine. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Hausa-Fulani tribe include the Gwari, Kamuku, Katab, and Kauru.
  2. Yoruba: The Yoruba tribe is the second-largest ethnic group in Nigeria and is predominantly found in the southwestern part of the country. The Yoruba people are known for their rich cultural heritage, including their traditional religion, music, and art. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Yoruba tribe include the Egba, Ijebu, Igala, Ondo, and Oyo.
  3. Igbo: The Igbo tribe is the third-largest ethnic group in Nigeria and is predominantly found in the southeastern part of the country. The Igbo people are known for their rich cultural heritage, including their traditional music, dance, and cuisine. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Igbo tribe include the Abriba, Arochukwu, Enugu, and Ohafia.
  4. Ijaw: The Ijaw tribe is predominantly found in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria and is known for its rich culture, including its traditional dance and music. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Ijaw tribe include the Kalabari, Nembe, Okrika, and Epie-Atissa.
  5. Kanuri: The Kanuri tribe is predominantly found in the northeastern part of Nigeria and is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its traditional music and dance. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Kanuri tribe include the Bolewa, Manga, and Ngizim.
  6. Tiv: The Tiv tribe is predominantly found in the middle belt region of Nigeria and is known for its rich culture, including its traditional music and dance. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Tiv tribe include the Gbev, Jukun, and Kuteb.
  7. Nupe: The Nupe tribe is predominantly found in the Niger state of Nigeria and is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its traditional music and dance. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Nupe tribe include the Gbagyi, Kambari, and Kamuku.
  8. Itsekiri: The Itsekiri tribe is predominantly found in the Delta state of Nigeria and is known for its rich culture, including its traditional music and dance. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Itsekiri tribe include the Isoko, Urhobo, and Ndokwa.
  9. Efik: The Efik tribe is predominantly found in the Cross River state of Nigeria and is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its traditional music and dance. Some of the sub-tribes that make up the Efik tribe include the Anaang, and Oron.
  10. Ibibio: The Ibibio tribe is an ethnic group in Nigeria, primarily found in Akwa Ibom State and Cross River State. They are known for their rich cultural heritage, including their traditional music, dance, and folklore. The Ibibio language is part of the Benue-Congo group of languages and is spoken by the Ibibio people.

Full list of All the ethnic groups and tribes in Nigeria

  1. Hausa (Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Sokoto, Bauchi, Jigawa, Kebbi, Zamfara, and Niger)
  2. Yoruba (Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Ondo, Ekiti, Lagos, and Kwara)
  3. Igbo (Imo, Anambra, Enugu, Abia, and Ebonyi)
  4. Ijaw (Bayelsa, Delta, Rivers, and Akwa Ibom)
  5. Kanuri (Borno, Yobe, and Jigawa)
  6. Tiv (Benue, Taraba, and Nassarawa)
  7. Ibibio (Akwa Ibom)
  8. Nupe (Niger, Kwara, and Kogi)
  9. Gwari (Niger and Kaduna)
  10. Fulani (Spread across the Northern states)
  11. Efik (Cross River)
  12. Idoma (Benue)
  13. Igala (Kogi)
  14. Itsekiri (Delta)
  15. Urhobo (Delta)
  16. Isoko (Delta)
  17. Kalabari (Rivers)
  18. Gbagyi (Niger, Kaduna, and the Federal Capital Territory)
  19. Yala (Cross River)
  20. Bini (Edo)
  21. Ogoni (Rivers)
  22. Annang (Akwa Ibom)
  23. Ibeno (Akwa Ibom)
  24. Jukun (Taraba)
  25. Gade (Niger)
  26. Ukwuani (Delta)
  27. Chamba (Taraba)
  28. Kuteb (Taraba)
  29. Mambila (Taraba)
  30. Ika (Delta)
  31. Okrika (Rivers)
  32. Afemai (Edo)
  33. Igbirra (Kogi)
  34. Ebira (Kogi)
  35. Oron (Akwa Ibom)
  36. Ikom (Cross River)
  37. Izon (Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers)
  38. Kamuku (Kebbi and Niger)
  39. Kambari (Kebbi and Niger)
  40. Koro (Kwara, Niger, and Kaduna)
  41. Gwandara (Nasarawa, Niger, and the Federal Capital Territory)
  42. Yoruba sub-tribes such as Egba, Ijebu, Ife, Ijesa, Ekiti, Ondo, Owo, and Ibarapa
  43. Igbo sub-tribes such as Anioma, Ngwa, Nri, and Ohuhu
  44. Angas (Plateau)
  45. Bachama (Adamawa)
  46. Berom (Plateau)
  47. Bura (Borno and Yobe)
  48. Dera (Gombe)
  49. Ebira (Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, and Edo)
  50. Ekoi (Cross River)
  51. Gade (Niger)
  52. Gwandara (Nasarawa, Niger, and FCT)
  53. Gbari (Kaduna and Niger)
  54. Gokana (Rivers)
  55. Hyam (Plateau)
  56. Idoma (Benue)
  57. Igede (Benue)
  58. Ikenne (Ogun)
  59. Ikwerre (Rivers)
  60. Ilaje (Ondo)
  61. Irigwe (Plateau)
  62. Ishan/Esan (Edo)
  63. Iyala (Cross River)
  64. Jaba (Kaduna)
  65. Kataf (Kaduna)
  66. Keffi (Nasarawa)
  67. Kofyar (Plateau)
  68. Koma (Adamawa)
  69. Kuteb (Taraba)
  70. Longuda (Adamawa)
  71. Margi (Borno)
  72. Mumuye (Taraba)
  73. Oron (Akwa Ibom)
  74. Owan (Edo)
  75. Rukuba (Plateau)
  76. Tangale (Gombe)
  77. Tula (Gombe)
  78. Ukwani (Delta)
  79. Waja (Gombe)
  80. Warji (Bauchi)
  81. Yandang (Taraba)
  82. Yergam (Taraba)
  83. Zuru (Kebbi)
  84. Alago (Nasarawa)
  85. Amo (Plateau)
  86. Anaguta (Plateau)
  87. Andoni (Rivers)
  88. Auyokawa (Kebbi)
  89. Awori (Lagos and Ogun)
  90. Babur (Taraba and Borno)
  91. Bachama (Adamawa)
  92. Bajju (Kaduna)
  93. Bakulu (Kaduna)
  94. Banda (Niger)
  95. Bankal (Bauchi)
  96. Bariba (Kwara)
  97. Basa (Plateau)
  98. Bekwarra (Cross River)
  99. Bele (Taraba)
  100. Betso (Taraba)
  101. Bilei (Adamawa)
  102. Bina (Nasarawa)
  103. Boki (Cross River)
  104. Bkkos (Plateau)
  105. Bole (Yobe)
  106. Botlere (Adamawa)
  107. Bumaji (Cross River)
  108. Bunu (Kogi)
  109. Bura (Borno)
  110. Buta (Taraba)
  111. Bwatiye (Adamawa)
  112. Chamba (Taraba)
  113. Chibok (Borno)
  114. Dadiya (Gombe)
  115. Daka (Adamawa)
  116. Danda (Gombe)
  117. Dera (Gombe)
  118. Duguri (Bauchi)
  119. Duguza (Borno)
  120. Dukawa (Kebbi)
  121. Duma (Taraba)
  122. Edo (Edo)
  123. Eggon (Nasarawa)
  124. Eket (Akwa Ibom)
  125. Eleme (Rivers)
  126. Etolu (Benue)
  127. Etung (Cross River)
  128. Fali (Adamawa)
  129. Fantswam (Kaduna)
  130. Fere (Taraba)
  131. Fulfulde (Adamawa)
  132. Fyam (Plateau)
  133. Gade (Niger)
  134. Gavako (Borno)
  135. Gbedde (Kogi)
  136. Gengle (Taraba)
  137. Gera (Bauchi)
  138. Geruma (Bauchi)
  139. Gokana (Rivers)
  140. Gombi (Adamawa)
  141. Gornun (Taraba)
  142. Gude (Adamawa)
  143. Gudu (Adamawa)
  144. Gure (Taraba)
  145. Gurmana (Niger)
  146. Gwandara (Nasarawa)
  147. Gwari (Kaduna)
  148. Gwom (Plateau)
  149. Gyem (Bauchi)
  150. Ham (Kaduna)
  151. Hausa (Northern states)
  152. Holma (Adamawa)
  153. Hona (Adamawa)
  154. Ibeno (Akwa Ibom)
  155. Ibibio (Akwa Ibom)
  156. Ichen (Taraba)
  157. Idere (Oyo)
  158. Igala (Kogi)
  159. Igbira (Kogi)
  160. Igede (Benue)
  161. Ijaw (South-South states)
  162. Ikulu (Kaduna)
  163. Ikwere (Rivers)
  164. Ileogun (Ogun)
  165. Isekiri (Delta)
  166. Isoko (Delta)
  167. Istifan (Kaduna)
  168. Itawure (Ondo)
  169. Itsekiri (Delta)
  170. Iyive (Benue)
  171. Izere (Plateau)
  172. Izon (Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers)
  173. Jaba (Kaduna)
  174. Jahuna (Taraba)
  175. Jaku (Adamawa)
  176. Jara (Bauchi)
  177. Jere (Kaduna)
  178. Jero (Taraba)
  179. Jibu (Taraba)
  180. Jidda-Abu (Plateau)
  181. Jigon (Bauchi)
  182. Jirai (Adamawa)
  183. Jiru (Adamawa)
  184. Jukun (Taraba)
  185. Kakanda (Niger)
  186. Kam (Taraba)
  187. Kambu (Adamawa)
  188. Kamo (Bauchi)
  189. Kanakuru (Borno)
  190. Kanembu (Borno)
  191. Kanikon (Kaduna)
  192. Kapsiki (Borno)
  193. Karekare (Bauchi)
  194. Kariya (Bauchi)
  195. Katab (Taraba)
  196. Kataf (Kaduna)
  197. Kenera (Bauchi)
  198. Kengawa (Jigawa)
  199. Kenton (Taraba)
  200. Kiballo (Kaduna)
  201. Kilba (Adamawa)
  202. Kiong (Cross River)
  203. Kirfi (Bauchi)
  204. Koma (Adamawa)
  205. Kona (Taraba)
  206. Koro (Kwara, Niger, and Kaduna)
  207. Koyon (Kaduna)
  208. Kubi (Bauchi)
  209. Kudachano (Bauchi)
  210. Kugama (Taraba)
  211. Kukele (Bauchi)
  212. Kulere (Plateau)
  213. Kulu (Kaduna)
  214. Kumbari (Adamawa)
  215. Kupa (Kogi)
  216. Kuteb (Taraba)
  217. Kutin (Taraba)
  218. Kwalla (Plateau)
  219. Kwami (Gombe)
  220. Kwanchi (Taraba)
  221. Kwaro (Plateau)
  222. Kwato (Plateau)
  223. Kyenga (Kaduna)
  224. Lala (Adamawa)
  225. Lama (Taraba)
  226. Longuda (Adamawa)
  227. Mabo (Plateau)
  228. Mada (Nasarawa)
  229. Mama (Kaduna)
  230. Mambila (Taraba)
  231. Mandara (Borno)
  232. Mangas (Bauchi)
  233. Margi (Borno)
  234. Matakam (Borno)
  235. Mbembe (Cross River)
  236. Mbol (Adamawa)
  237. Mbum (Taraba)
  238. Memyang (Plateau)
  239. Miango (Plateau)
  240. Miga (Jigawa)
  241. Mijim (Kaduna)
  242. Mijilu (Bauchi)
  243. Mina (Niger)
  244. Mok (Taraba)
  245. Montol (Plateau)
  246. Mumuye (Taraba)
  247. Mundat (Bauchi)
  248. Munukutuba (Kaduna)
  249. Mupun (Plateau)
  250. Mwaghavul (Plateau)
  251. Ndoro (Cross River)
  252. Ngamo (Yobe)
  253. Ngizim (Yobe)
  254. Ningi (Bauchi)
  255. Ninkyob (Plateau)
  256. Njayi (Adamawa)
  257. Nkim (Cross River)
  258. Nkum (Cross River)
  259. Nkutung (Cross River)
  260. Nokere (Kogi)
  261. Numan (Adamawa)
  262. Numana (Kaduna)
  263. Nungu (Rivers)
  264. Nyandang (Taraba)
  265. Nyankpa (Plateau)
  266. Nzaav (Benue)
  267. Nzanyi (Adamawa)
  268. Obanliku (Cross River)
  269. Obolo (Akwa Ibom and Rivers)
  270. Obulom (Rivers)
  271. Ogbia (Bayelsa)
  272. Ogugu (Kogi)
  273. Oka (Akwa Ibom)
  274. Okobo (Akwa Ibom)
  275. Okpamheri (Edo)
  276. Oron (Akwa Ibom)
  277. Owe (Kogi)
  278. Oworo (Kogi)
  279. Pa’a (Adamawa)
  280. Pa’awa (Taraba)
  281. Pa’ikwo (Plateau)
  282. Panyam (Plateau)
  283. Pidlimdi (Bauchi)
  284. Pire (Adamawa)
  285. Pkanzom (Taraba)
  286. Polci (Bauchi)
  287. Pongo (Nasarawa)
  288. Potopo (Taraba)
  289. Pyapun (Plateau)
  290. Qua (Cross River)
  291. Rebina (Bauchi)
  292. Reshe (Kebbi)
  293. Rindire (Plateau)
  294. Rishuwa (Kaduna)
  295. Ron (Plateau)
  296. Rukuba (Plateau)
  297. Ruma (Kaduna)
  298. Rumada (Kaduna)
  299. Rumaya (Kaduna)
  300. Ruruma (Kano)
  301. Sabon Gida (Kaduna)
  302. Sagbee (Taraba)
  303. Sanga (Kaduna)
  304. Shanga (Kebbi)
  305. Shani (Borno)
  306. Shira (Bauchi)
  307. Shomo (Taraba)
  308. Sikkam (Bauchi)
  309. Siri (Taraba)
  310. Surubu (Kaduna)
  311. Tangale (Gombe)
  312. Tarok (Plateau)
  313. Teme (Adamawa)
  314. Tera (Borno and Gombe)
  315. Teshena (Kano)
  316. Tigon (Adamawa)
  317. Tikar (Taraba)
  318. Tiv (Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, and Plateau)
  319. Tula (Gombe)
  320. Tur (Taraba)
  321. Ufia (Benue)
  322. Ukelle (Cross River)
  323. Ukpe (Benue)
  324. Ukwa (Cross River)
  325. Ulak (Taraba)
  326. Umor (Taraba)
  327. Uneme (Edo)
  328. Uprona (Bauchi)
  329. Urhobo (Delta)
  330. Utonkong (Cross River)
  331. Utugwang (Cross River)
  332. Uyanga (Cross River)
  333. Vemgo (Adamawa)
  334. Vomni (Plateau)
  335. Vono (Bauchi)
  336. Vopo (Plateau)
  337. Vwang (Plateau)
  338. Waga (Bauchi)
  339. Waja (Gombe)
  340. Waka (Taraba)
  341. Warja (Bauchi)
  342. Warji (Bauchi)
  343. Wula (Bauchi)
  344. Wurbo (Adamawa)
  345. Wurkun (Taraba)
  346. Yache (Cross River)
  347. Yagba (Kogi)
  348. Yakurr (Cross River)
  349. Yalla (Benue)
  350. Yandang (Taraba)
  351. Yergam (Taraba)
  352. Yoruba (Southwest states and Kwara)
  353. Yott (Taraba)
  354. Yumu (Niger)
  355. Yungur (Adamawa)
  356. Zabara (Niger)
  357. Zango (Kebbi)
  358. Zangon Kataf (Kaduna)
  359. Zarma (Kebbi)
  360. Zayam (Bauchi)
  361. Zul (Taraba)
  362. Zumu (Kaduna)
  363. Zuru (Kebbi)
  364. Zul (Taraba)
  365. Ziriya (Kaduna)
  366. Doka (Kaduna)
  367. Ayu (Kaduna)
  368. Akaju-Ndun (Cross River)
  369. Akweya (Benue)
  370. Ayu (Kaduna)
  371. Bambora (Bauchi)
  372. Bankal (Adamawa)
  373. Bole (Yobe)
  374. Fika (Yobe)
  375. Higi (Borno)
  376. Ireshe (Ogun)
  377. Jiru (Adamawa)
  378. Kamberi (Kwara)
  379. Kanuri (Borno, Yobe, and Jigawa)
  380. Kari (Taraba)
  381. Kembet (Adamawa)
  382. Kenera (Bauchi)
  383. Koma (Adamawa)
  384. Kono (Rivers)
  385. Koro (Plateau)
  386. Kugama (Taraba)
  387. Kuteb (Taraba)
  388. Lopa (Niger)
  389. Mabila (Taraba)
  390. Mada (Plateau)
  391. Mambila (Taraba)
  392. Mbembe (Cross River)
  393. Mboi (Taraba)
  394. Nkari (Akwa Ibom)
  395. Nkum (Cross River)
  396. Nungu (Akwa Ibom)
  397. Ogbia (Bayelsa)
  398. Ogori (Kogi)
  399. Okobo (Akwa Ibom)
  400. Olulumo (Cross River)
  401. Oron (Akwa Ibom)
  402. Owe (Kogi)
  403. Puge (Taraba)
  404. Sanga (Kaduna)
  405. Shomo (Taraba)
  406. Teme (Adamawa)
  407. Tur (Taraba)
  408. Utonkong (Cross River)
  409. Yergam (Taraba)
  410. Jukun (Taraba)

 

Although Nigeria is a black African country, she is blessed with diversity of languages and Tribes